Hematopoiesis in bone marrow declines during aging owing to alteration of the hematopoietic niche.
However, due to difficult accessibility and other complexities, senescence-related alteration of the hematopoietic niche is largely unknown.
The interstitial fluid of bone marrow (IFBM), a pivotal component of the hematopoietic niche, includes soluble secretory factors that are present between bone marrow cells.
To characterize the proteomic profile changes of IFBM during aging, group of Chinese scientists analyzed the IFBMs of young, adult, and senescent rats using 2-DE combined with ESI/MALDI-Q-TOF MS.
Finally, 31 differentially expressed proteins involved in multiple biological functions were identified.
Peroxiredoxin 2 (Prx2), down-regulated during aging, was further analyzed and demonstrated that it is produced by bone marrow stromal cells.
Interestingly, higher levels of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) were detected in the bone marrow with lower Prx2 expression.
Moreover, exogenous Prx2 reduced the intracellular H2O2 level in bone marrow stromal cells in vitro.
Therefore, Prx2 is implied in the regulation of H2O2 production in the bone marrow during aging.
It is shown that protein profiles of the bone marrow microenvironment during aging are very dynamic and what is important in cellular aging is to elucidate the mechanism of creating a low ROS level in the hematopoietic niche.